Lung disease Statistics 2021

Examples include tuberculosis, lung cancer, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), pneumonia, occupational lung disease, and smoking. Sleep Health is now a separate topic area of Healthy People 2020. Why Are Respiratory Diseases Important? Currently more than 25 million people 6, 7 in the United States have asthma Lung Cancer Statistics. Lung cancer is the third most common cancer in the United States. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States, followed by breast cancer (among women) and prostate cancer (among men). More people in the United States die from lung cancer than any other type of cancer Age-adjusted death rates for COPD were significantly lower in 2019 compared with 1999 among US men (57.0 per 100,000 in 1999 and 40.5 per 100,000 in 2019) and among US women (35.3 per 100,000 in 1999 and 34.3 per 100,000 in 2019). Age-adjusted death rates varied between states in 2019 and ranged. Other chronic lower respiratory diseases (excluding asthma) deaths. Number of deaths: 145,735. Deaths per 100,000 population: 44.4. Source: National Vital Statistics System - Mortality Data (2019) via CDC WONDER

Respiratory Diseases Healthy People 202

Lung Cancer Screening Registry State Level Comparison, 2014-2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, 2013-2019. Analysis by the American Lung Association Epidemiology and Statistics Unit using SPSS software. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics US Pharm. 2020;46 (7/8):14. The National Center for Health Statistics notes that the prevalence of physician ambulatory-care visits for respiratory diseases is highest in persons aged >85 years and is 57% and 85% lower in those aged 75 to 84 years and 65 to 74 years, respectively Analysis by the American Lung Association Epidemiology and Statistics Unit using SPSS software. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. CDC WONDER On-line Database, compiled from Underlying Cause of Death 1999-2018, 2020. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics Estimated Prevalence and Incidence of Lung Disease provides prevalence estimates of asthma and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) as well as the incidence of lung cancer at the county and state levels. Data are based on the 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey and the 2018 joint report from CDC's National Program of Cancer Registries, NCI's SEER program, and state. Lung Diseases on the Rise Worldwide. THURSDAY, Feb. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lung diseases have been striking more people around the world in the past 30 years, new research shows. And being.

More men are diagnosed with lung cancer each year, but more women live with the disease. The rate of new cases in 2015 showed that men develop lung cancer more often than women (57.8 and 45.9 per 100,000, respectively). 3 The rate of new lung cancer cases (incidence) over the past 42 years has dropped 36 percent for men while it has risen 84 percent for women As of February 18, 2020, a total of 2,807 hospitalized e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) cases or deaths have been reported to CDC from 50 states, the District of Columbia, and two U.S. territories (Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands)

Lung Disease. Death Rate Per 100,000 Age Standardized SELECT CAUSE. COVID-19. MALE BOTH FEMALE. ICD-10 CODES: J40-J44 . Data rounded. Decimals affect ranking. Data Source: WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION 2018. Data Accuracy Not Guaranteed WHO Excludes Cause of Death Data For the following countries: Andorra, Cook Islands, Dominica, Marshall Islands. Cancer statistics, 2020 CA Cancer J Clin. 2020 Jan;70(1):7-30. doi: 10.3322/caac.21590. Yet lung cancer still caused more deaths in 2017 than breast, prostate, colorectal, and brain cancers combined. Recent mortality declines were also dramatic for melanoma of the skin in the wake of US Food and Drug Administration approval of new therapies. Lung cancer remained the leading cause of cancer death, with an estimated 1.8 million deaths (18%), followed by colorectal (9.4%), liver (8.3%), stomach (7.7%), and female breast (6.9%) cancers. Overall incidence was from 2-fold to 3-fold higher in transitioned versus transitioning countries for both sexes, whereas mortality varied <2-fold for.

Data up to March 2020 Annual Statistics Published 4th November 2020 . Occupational Lung Disease statistics in Great Britain, 2020. Contents . Summary 2 Introduction 4 Overall scale of occupational lung disease . 5 Mortality 5 Prevalence of self-reported breathing or lung problems David Mannino, MD, a pulmonologist in Lexington, KY, and the medical director and co-founder of the COPD Foundation, agrees that too many people with lung disease remain in the dark after diagnosis Black Lung Program Statistics. Division of Coal Mine Workers' Compensation (DCMWC) * 2020 Statistics * Attorney and Lay Representation of Claimants 2011-2020 * 2019 Statistics * Benefit Payments - Total 1970-2020 * 2018 Statistics * Total Parts B & C Beneficiaries 2004-2020 Data up to December 2019 Annual Statistics . Published 4th November 2020 . Work-related Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) statistics in Great Britain, 2020 Contents Summary 2 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 2 Background 3 COPD attributed to occupational exposures 3 Estimated burden of COPD attributable to work North Dakota Fast Facts 2020 North Dakota Department of Health Division of Vital Records The information in this document is a summary of vital statistics in North Dakota for the year Chronic lung diseases include asthma, emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), etc. 2 Peripheral vascular diseases

Lung disease deaths each year estimated to be linked to past exposures at work 1.6 million Workers suffering from work-related ill health (new or long-standing) in 2019/20 (LFS) Occupational lung.. Somebody dies from lung disease in the UK every 5 minutes. About 10,000 people in the UK are newly diagnosed with a lung disease every week. Approximately one in five people in the UK has ever developed asthma, COPD or another long-term respiratory illness. Half of them are currently on treatment (mainly inhalers) for lung disease

Lung Cancer Canada - Lung Cancer Canada

Lung Cancer Statistics CD

CDC - Data and Statistics - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary

In 2020, we predict a total of 627,620 cancer deaths vs 572,415 heart disease deaths. Figure 2. Age-standardized death rates (ASDR) and the observed and predicted number of cancer and heart disease deaths from 1969 through 2020 for men and women combined. [A tabular version of this figure is also available.] Top IPF is considered a rare, sporadic disease. According to the National Institutes of Health, about 100,000 people in the United States have IPF, and approximately 30,000 to 40,000 new cases are. LUNG CANCER. Although improvements in lung cancer mortality rates were significant, this deadly disease still caused more deaths in 2017 than breast, prostate, colorectal, and brain cancers combined (Siegel et al., 2020).This is where we need to make additional, rapid improvements in policy and education for young adults Lung cancer accounts for 12% of all new cancer diagnoses but 22% of all cancer deaths. 1. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death, regardless of gender or ethnicity, taking about 152,000 American lives each year. 1. More lives are lost to lung cancer than to colorectal, breast, and prostate cancers combined. 1 The American Cancer Society's estimates for lung cancer in the United States for 2021 are: About 235,760 new cases of lung cancer (119,100 in men and 116,660 in women) About 131,880 deaths from lung cancer (69,410 in men and 62,470 in women) Lung cancer mainly occurs in older people. Most people diagnosed with lung cancer are 65 or older; a.

FastStats - Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseas

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a group of progressive lung diseases that obstruct airflow. COPD is a leading cause of death in the United States, affecting 16 million Americans. T his year's annual release of cancer statistics generated more buzz than usual. Perhaps the most publicized finding in the Cancer Facts & Figures 2020 report was the 2.2% decline in overall.

  1. The American Cancer Society's estimates for lung cancer in the United States for 2020 are about 228,820 new cases of lung cancer (116,300 in men and 112,520 in women) and about 135,720 deaths.
  2. The projected incidence of patients with cancer in India among males was 679,421 (94.1 per 100,000) and among females 712,758 (103.6 per 100,000) for the year 2020. One in 68 males (lung cancer), 1 in 29 females (breast cancer), and 1 in 9 Indians will develop cancer during their lifetime (0-74 years of age; Table 2 )
  3. Quick facts and figures. According to the WHO Global Status Report on NCDs 2010, smoking is estimated to cause about 71% of all lung cancer deaths and 42% of chronic respiratory disease worldwide. Of the six WHO regions, the highest overall prevalence for smoking in 2008 was estimated to be the in the European Region, at nearly 29%
  4. Westend61 / Getty Images. The disease remains the most common cancer in men worldwide, particularly in Central Europe, Eastern Europe, and Eastern Asia where incidence rates are high. In women, the rates are generally lower, mainly reflecting differences in smoking habits between the two sexes.. There are numerous factors that can influence the rate of lung cancer in a population
  5. 2020 Global Strategy for Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of COPD Evidence-based strategy document for COPD diagnosis, management, and prevention, with citations from the scientific literature. 2020 GOLD Pocket Guide A quick-reference guide for physicians and nurses, with key information about patient management and education. 2020 GOLD Pocket Guide - purchase ebook GOLD Teaching Slide.

Statistics on Respiratory Diseases in Adult

An estimated 228,820 new cases of lung cancer will be diagnosed in the U.S. in 2020. Each year, more people die of lung cancer than colon, breast and prostate cancers combined. An estimated 135,720 people will die from lung cancer in the U.S. in 2020. A new lung cancer diagnosis occurs in the U.S. every 2.3 minutes The latest lung cancer statistics call this disease the most deadly in 2019 when counting both women and men. (Cancer Statistics Center) The estimated number of deaths in 2019 by lung and bronchial cancer in the US is 142,670, followed by colorectal cancer (51,020), pancreas (45,750), breast (42,260) and liver (31,780) Smoking & Tobacco Statistics. Tobacco continues to be the number one cause of preventable disease and death in Canada. An estimated 48,000 Canadians die each year as a result of smoking. Countless others live with chronic diseases. Despite public health education and prevention efforts, approximately 15 per cent of Canadians currently smoke

Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer worldwide, accounting for 1.79 million deaths in 2020. The second most deadly form of cancer is colorectum cancer, followed by stomach and liver cancer Background: The American Heart Association, in conjunction with the National Institutes of Health, annually reports on the most up-to-date statistics related to heart disease, stroke, and cardiovascular risk factors, including core health behaviors (smoking, physical activity, diet, and weight) and health factors (cholesterol, blood pressure, and glucose control) that contribute to.

World Lung Day: 25 September 2020. World Lung Day (WLD), 25 September, is a day for lung health advocacy and action, an opportunity for us all to unite and promote better lung health globally. If you haven't joined yet, sign up as a World Lung Day partner by emailing lisa.roscoe@firsnet.org , all our partners are included on our partners page 2020 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures is a statistical resource for U.S. data related to Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of dementia. Background and context for interpretation of the data are contained in the Overview National Heart, Lung, and Blood InstituteBuilding 3131 Center DriveBethesda, MD 208921-877-NHLBI4U (1-877-645-2448) Get answers to your questions about health, clinical trials, the website, and more. Contact us Lung cancer or bronchogenic carcinoma refers to tumors originating in the lung parenchyma or within bronchi. It is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Since 1987, lung cancer is responsible for more deaths in women than breast cancer. It is estimated that there are 225,000 new cases of lung cancer in the United States annually and approximately 160,000 die.

An estimated 606,520 Americans will die from cancer in 2020, corresponding to more than 1,600 deaths per day (Table 1 ). The greatest number of deaths are from cancers of the lung, prostate, and colorectum in men and the lung, breast, and colorectum in women (Fig. 1 ) An outbreak of severe vaping-associated lung illness starting in 2019 is ongoing among users of illegal unregulated (Black market) cannabis vaping products, almost exclusively in the United States. The first cases were identified in Illinois and Wisconsin in April 2019; as of 21 January 2020, a total of 2,711 hospitalized cases, including 60 deaths, have been confirmed by the U.S due to use of. Heart, Lung, And Blood Institute Workshop: heterogeneity in cardiometabolic risk in Asian Americans In the U.S. Opportunities for research. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010;55(10):966-73. 10.1016/j.jacc.2009.07.075 6. CDC Global Health - China. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 17 Mar 2020. 7 In people over 65, among major disease groups, lung diseases cause 21 per cent of deaths and cardiovascular disease causes 30 per cent - higher figures than for any other age group The number of deaths from pneumonia (27,520) and COPD (27,056) were high in this age group compared with others

Data sources: North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR), 2020. Average annual rate per 100,000, age adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Rates for PR are for 2012-2016. Data sources: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020 Lung disease. Lung disease is any problem in the lungs that prevents the lungs from working properly. There are three main types of lung disease: Airway diseases -- These diseases affect the tubes (airways) that carry oxygen and other gases into and out of the lungs. They usually cause a narrowing or blockage of the airways

Introduction Information on drug-induced interstitial lung disease (DILD) is limited due to its low incidence. This study investigated the frequencies of drug categories with potential risk in patients developing DILD during hospitalisation and analysed the risk of developing DILD associated with each of these drugs. Methods Using a Japanese national inpatient database, we identified patients. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a lung disease caused by the abnormal growth of smooth muscle cells, especially in the lungs and lymphatic system. This abnormal growth leads to the formation of holes or cysts in the lung. People who have LAM have trouble breathing because it is more difficult to move air in and out of the bronchial tubes Interactive Health Atlas of Lung conditions in England (INHALE): November 2020 update. The INHALE tool presents data about a range of respiratory diseases including COPD and asthma, at Clinical.

COPD Mortality American Lung Associatio

Lung adenocarcinoma represents about 50% of all lung cancers and has a high prevalence in smokers.1 Other risk factors include family history, environmental exposures and toxic fumes. Our patient had a 40 pack-year history of tobacco smoking and environmental exposures which included sandblasting with carbide and silica, which put her at increased risk According to vaping statistics, as of 2020, there were 2,807 confirmed cases of severe respiratory illnesses associated with vaping of nicotine and cannabis products. Even though there was a suspected link to THC vapes, vitamin E acetate was identified as the primary cause of the lung-disease epidemic that swept across the nation in 2019. 12 Occupational lung diseases are occupational, or work-related, lung conditions that have been caused or made worse by the materials a person is exposed to within the workplace.It includes a broad group of diseases, including occupational asthma, industrial bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchiolitis obliterans, inhalation injury, interstitial lung diseases (such as.

Lung Diseases on the Rise Worldwide - WebM

  1. utes. Lung disease in the UK statistics. In 30 years, we've spent over £30m on lung research. Our research. Our helpline answers more than 20,000 calls a year. Speak to our helpline
  2. The prevalence and incidence of bronchiectasis in primary care in Italy in 2015 were 163 per 100,000 population and 16.3 per 100,000 person-years, respectively. Prevalence and incidence increased with age and overall rates were highest in men over 75 years old. Prevalence and incidence computed after the exclusion of patients with a diagnosis.
  3. NTM lung disease treatment decisions are often difficult, and may require experience managing the disease according to the 2020 NTM Treatment Guidelines. This may mean that a peer consultation or referral to a pulmonologist or ID specialist experienced in the management of NTM lung disease is necessary. 4,8,1

Lung Cancer Fact Sheet American Lung Associatio

Outbreak of Lung Injury Associated with the Use of E

COPD is the third leading cause of death in the U.S, beaten only by cancer (2nd leading cause) and heart disease (leading cause). Globally, it is the 5th leading cause of death. Estimates are that by the year 2030, COPD will rise to the 3rd leading cause of death worldwide unless urgent action isn't taken to reduce tobacco use Total number of Alzheimer's disease elderly patients U.S. by state 2020 and 2025 Share of people with Alzheimer's disease in the U.S. by age group 2021 Show all statistics (3 Lung diseases are some of the most common medical conditions in the world. Tens of millions of people have lung disease in the U.S. alone. Smoking, infections, and genes cause most lung diseases Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women and accounts for about one-fifth of all cancer deaths. 8 In the US, it is estimated that 228,820 new cases of lung cancer will be diagnosed in 2020 and more than 135,000 people will die from the disease. 9. Lung cancer is broadly split into NSCLC and small cell lung.

The first case in this case series with negative COVID testing was diagnosed March 17, 2020. The first case of COVID-19 diagnosed in Utah was March 6, 2020. May 2020 is highlighted because data are incomplete and current as of May 15, 2020. COVID-19 ¼ coronavirus disease 2019; EVALI ¼ e-cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury Cancer Facts & Figures 2020 is an educational companion for Cancer Statistics 2020, a scientific paper published in the American Cancer Society journal, CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.The Facts & Figures annual report provides:. Estimated numbers of new cancer cases and deaths in 2020 (In 2020, there will be an estimated 1.8 million new cancer cases diagnosed and 606,520 cancer deaths in.

Lung Disease Death Rate by Countr

  1. From 1980 through 2014, more than 4.6 million Americans died from a range of chronic respiratory illnesses, the researchers reported. While the risk was pegged at 41 deaths for every 100,000.
  2. Data up to December 2019 Annual Statistics Published 4th November 2019 . Other work-related respiratory disease statistics in Great Britain, 2020 . Allergic alveolitis, byssinosis and allergic rhinitis . Contents . Other respiratory diseases 2 . Farmer's lung and other allergic alveolitis 2 Byssinosis 3 Allergic rhinitis
  3. Interactive Health Atlas of Lung conditions in England (INHALE): November 2020 update. The INHALE tool presents data about a range of respiratory diseases including COPD and asthma, at Clinical.
  4. Chronic respiratory diseases (CRDs) are diseases of the airways and other structures of the lung. Some of the most common are asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), occupational lung diseases and pulmonary hypertension. In addition to tobacco smoke, other risk factors include air pollution, occupational chemicals and dusts, and.

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Global Cancer Statistics 2020: GLOBOCAN Estimates of

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, commonly referred to as COPD, is a group of progressive lung diseases. The most common of these diseases are emphysema and chronic bronchitis.Many people. In 2020, lung cancer caused around 1.8 million deaths worldwide, accounting for the highest number of cancer deaths. Furthermore, it is estimated that by 2045, there will be 700 million people. Ischaemic heart diseases remained as the principal causes of death for Chinese Ischaemic heart diseases remained as the principal causes of death for Chinese at 14.0 per cent, followed by Pneumonia (12.2%), Cerebrovascular diseases (7.5%), Malignant neoplasm of trachea, bronchus and lung (3.7%) and Malignan Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide and the third most common cancer following breast and prostate.1 As expected, the primary factor leading to lung cancer is tobacco smoke, and as smoking rates have declined, we have also seen an overall decline in lung cancer rates.2 Despite the general reduction in lung cancer rates, the rate of lung cancer in non-smokers has been.

Lung Disease Facts: What You Need to Kno

  1. Chronic interstitial lung abnormalities have been described in sickle cell disease (SCD) and attributed to repetitive episode of acute chest syndrome. We report a series of 22 cases of diffuse cystic lung disease in SCD with a case-control study to hunt for mechanism. On pathological analysis of a surgical lung biopsy of the index case, the bronchioles had the appearance of constrictive.
  2. In August 2019, the CDC began tracking cases of severe lung problems in people who vape. Thousands had lung damage that needed treatment in hospitals, and several died from the condition.
  3. NSCLC is the most common type of lung cancer, accounting for 84% of all lung cancer diagnoses. Statistics provided below for lung cancer include both small cell and NSCLC. This year, an estimated 235,760 adults (119,100 men and 116,660 women) in the United States will be diagnosed with lung cancer. However, since the mid-2000s, incidence rates.
  4. International statistics. Lung cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide, after breast cancer, and its incidence continues to grow. In 2020, an estimated 2.2 million new cases of lung cancer were diagnosed globally, accounting for approximately 11.4% of the global cancer burden
  5. Sickle cell disease is a genetic disorder caused by mutations in the beta globin gene that leads to faulty hemoglobin protein, called hemoglobin S. Hemoglobin S changes flexible red blood cells into rigid, sickle-shaped cells. These sickle cells can block blood flow, and result in pain and organ damage
  6. disease (COPD) is a common res-piratory condition, affecting 4.5% of people over the age of 40 in the UK (statistics.blf.org.uk/copd). The British Lung Foundation estimates 1.2 mil-lion people have been diagnosed with COPD, and this is thought to represent a third of people who have the disease, many are as yet undiagnosed. COPD is responsible fo
  7. Shape. Female breast cancer only. Lung and bronchus 40.8 NULL. Average annual rate per 100,000, age adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Rates for PR are for 2012-2016. Data sources: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020

Black Lung Program Statistics U

  1. 37.1% of males survive lung cancer for at least one year. This falls to 13.8% surviving for five years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with lung cancer during 2013-2017 in England.[] Survival for females at one year is 44.5% and falls to 19.0% surviving for at least five years
  2. National Cancer Institute SEER Report 2020 . Lung cancer can develop in anyone, but is more commonly diagnosed in adults over 65. Smoking is a major risk factor for lung cancer: People who smoke cigarettes are 15 to 30 times more likely to get lung cancer or die from lung cancer than non-smokers
  3. Health Statistics (NCHS).1,2 Forty-seven states and the District of Columbia met data quality requirements for reporting to the national vital statistics system in 1930, and Texas, Alaska, and Hawaii began reporting in 1933, 1959, and 1960, respectively. The methods for abstraction and age adjustment of historic mortality Cancer Statistics, 2020

Statistics - Work-related ill health and occupational diseas

Family history of lung cancer. People with a parent, sibling or child with lung cancer have an increased risk of the disease. Complications. Lung cancer can cause complications, such as: Shortness of breath. People with lung cancer can experience shortness of breath if cancer grows to block the major airways Introduction Chronic lung disease of prematurity (CLD), also known as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), is a cause of significant respiratory morbidity in childhood and beyond. Coupled with lung immaturity, infections (especially by Ureaplasma spp) are implicated in the pathogenesis of CLD through promotion of pulmonary inflammation. Azithromycin, which is a highly effective against Ureaplasma. The COVID-19 pandemic led to rapid global spread with far-reaching impacts on health-care systems. Whilst pediatric data consistently shown a milder disease course, chronic lung disease has been identified as a risk factor for hospitalization and severe disease. In Africa, comprised predominantly of low middle-income countries (LMIC), the additional burden of HIV, tuberculosis, malnutrition. Data on clinical measurement for chronic diseases were not collected in NHSS 2013.Next update for data on i) Daily Smoking and ii) Hyperlipidaemia, Hypertension, Diabetes and Obesity will be from i) NPHS 2019 which will be ready in late 2020 and ii) NPHS 2020 which will be ready in 2021 respectively. 2 - Singapore Residents

Lung disease in the UK British Lung Foundatio

179.3 cancer deaths per 100,000 population occurred in 2007 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population) Target: 161.4 deaths per 100,000 population. Target-Setting Method: 10 percent improvement. Data Sources A significant minority of smokers, their rapid loss of lung function becomes disabling or fatal. 1 12 19 Most smokers will fall between these groups. 20 A diagnosis of chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) can be made after a significant and non-reversible loss of lung function. In the population of smokers without COPD, the age-related rate. Suicide is the SECOND leading cause of death for ages 10-24.(CDC WISQARS) Suicide is the SECOND leading cause of death for college-age youth and ages 12-18. (CDC WISQARS) More teenagers and young adults die from suicide than from cancer, heart disease, AIDS, birth defects, stroke, pneumonia, influenza, and chronic lung disease, COMBINED. Each day in our nation, there are an average of over.

Influenza On the Rise: FLASS Report - Florida Lung, Asthma

Facts & Figures 2020 Reports Largest One-year Drop in

Interstitial Lung Disease- Acute. Primary Symptoms includes: Shortness of breathing, is a result of reduced breathing capacity. Non productive cough. Crackles (abnormal chest sound) Cyanosis- this is a result of decreased oxygen levels in the blood, and may result in a bluish discoloration of the skin

COVID-19: Could gut bacteria be involved?Interstitial and occupational lung diseaseWHO | Smoking causes emphysemaPulmonary Function TestsImaging in lung fungal infection